Gypsum board is the generic name for a specific type of panels that mainly consists of non-combustible gypsum core and paper material on the surface, back and long edges. There are also gypsum board types that have fiberglass material for its surface instead of paper. The umbrella term “gypsum panel products” encompasses several structural materials including gypsum board which all contains cores made of gypsum.
Often called drywall, wallboard and plasterboard; gypsum board differs from other panel-type structural materials such as hardboard, plywood and fiber board due its non-combustible nature and paper surfaces. When fastened and linked with a joint compound system, the fastener heads can be covered creating a continuous surface that is beautiful to look at and most sought after by professional interior designers. This is what makes this structural material ideal in office and home settings that aims to have a modern look on its interior.
Simplicity of Installation
Gypsum board systems is very easy and simple to install and work with. Most gypsum panels are large compared to other panel-type materials. They are widely available in 8, 10 and 12 feet of length and 48 to 54 inches wide that can surely cover large ceiling and wall areas. Gypsum boards can also be installed using very few and simple tools. It can easily be cut and shaped using basic saws or utility knifes due to its soft nature. Attaching them can also be done using a wide variety of fasteners such as screw bolts, nails or staples. For minimalistic look, using substrates can also be used as adhesives as it is a very lightweight material. Installation time is also minimal compared to other building material; sometimes requiring only two workers to cover large areas.
Resistance to Fire
Depending on a specific areas’ building code, installing fire resistant building materials on your office and home is a worthwhile investment that can save lives in emergency cases. Under high heat, the non-combustible gypsum core slowly release steam as it effectively holds back and delay the transfer of heat and spread of fire. Even after the fire has been put out and the material has already been calcinated, gypsum boards can still serve as a heat-insulating barrier depending on its condition. Because the core is made up of nearly 21% chemically bonded water, it is very effective in resisting fire for a prescribed time. Combined with other fire-resistant wall and ceiling assemblies, gypsum boards can efficiently protect the building and its occupants from fire incidents.
In building design, the prevention of transfer of unnecessary sound to other areas is one of the key factors to consider thoroughly. No one wants to be disturbed by unwanted sounds coming from the other rooms in an office or home especially if that area is intended to a certain function that requires the occupants to be loud and audible such as conference rooms, training rooms or music rooms. Take note that walls and ceilings are perfect conductors of sound if not properly sound-proofed. Sound can easily travel over, under and around walls, windows and doors. The foremost process in attaining sound isolation is closing off air leaks, paths and routes in which sound can escape and enter other areas. Even hairline cracks can worsen and reduce the sound-proofing of the room. Frame separation on the two sides of the wall can also improve the sound isolation of the room. Gypsum board cores are naturally good sound-proofing material due to its porous and thick feature. Installing the gypsum boards in multiple layers also increases the level of sound isolation in the room albeit costly.
Durable and Easy to repair
Gypsum boards are constructed on strong, high quality gypsum core that offers excellent stability when used on walls and ceiling. They are also mold and moisture resistant making good structural material that lasts for a long time. Damages such as chips, holes and cracks can also be easily repaired with the right tools and adhesives and a lot cheaper compared to other building materials. It can also contribute to the overall energy efficiency of the structure since it provides a lot of insulation; the temperature inside of the building retains and would lessen the electrical consumption of heaters and air conditioners.