The importance of lightings in interior design is sometimes overlooked by most people, but its impact is something that must not be ignored. To the uninitiated, lightings are just there to provide illumination to the room; thankfully we have interior designers that understand how it affects the final output of the product. In this article, we will discuss the various kinds of interior lightings and how it affects the overall atmosphere of your chosen interior design plans.

General lighting

General lighting is the main light in a room that ensures adequate illumination is present to perform common activities without difficulty. The level of light coming from these types of lightings must be enough so that people can see what they are doing especially during nighttime. During the day, general lighting can come simply from the natural light of the sun coming from windows or other natural lighting fixtures.

Various parts of the house require different level of light that is measured in Lux (or Lumens per meter squared). When choosing general lighting bulbs, Lumens and the distance of the fixture to the floor will have a significant effect on the amount of Lux that is present in the room. Kitchen and bathroom areas have a larger Lux requirement than the bedroom because of the level of light required to perform activities associated with these rooms.

General lighting fixtures must be effectively positioned in where it can provide adequate illumination all throughout the room without any dark spots. Choosing the right lighting fittings is also very important in making sure you are meeting the correct Lux requirement of the room. Recessed lightings, wall lightings and pendant lights are some of the most common types of general lighting fixtures.

Task Lighting

This type of interior lighting is, as the name implies, intended for a specific task or activity. Modern human activities require several types and levels of illumination for it to be properly performed. Applying make-up in front of a mirror will required brighter daylight-colored lights as it is a very complex activity as compared to reading a book in bed where you may want a warmer light color.

Task lightings is also very prone to shadowing and glare because of the high-level of illumination present that often overpowers general lightings. Although the normal human eyes can handle high-range of light levels, it does so at the cost of not seeing things properly anymore. Directly viewing a light source even for a split second will cause glare in the eyes or botches in the vision and defeats the entire purpose of having task lightings.

Because task lightings are very bright in nature, it is also natural to have shadows even when general lightings are present in the vicinity. This can cause problems to other people in the room as it will distract them from performing their respective activities properly. Special consideration and attention to detail must be employed in the proper positioning of these kinds of lighting to minimize these effects.

Ambient Lighting

Also commonly called mood lightings, ambient lighting’s main purpose is to provide character, ambiance and aesthetic value to the room. This is especially useful in bedrooms, entertainment rooms and living rooms where relaxation and leisure is a must. Most mood lightings are of low-light levels that encourages peacefulness and serenity to the occupants. In contrast to task lightings where shadowing is a big issue, in ambient lighting shadows can improve the overall atmosphere of the room than being a drawback.

In ambient lighting, the color temperature of the light source is of utmost importance. Warmer color temperature ranging in 2,500k is generally believed to be the best color temperature for relaxation since it mimics the color of flames in a fireplace or the setting sun. An additional dimming feature for your ambient lighting fixtures can also improve the overall ambiance of the room since you can easily adjust the best intensity of light that you prefer.

Effect Lighting

Effect lighting fixture’s main function is to give the room a visual artistic play. This kind of lighting does not generally provide illumination to the room but more on an ornamental and decorative purposes only. Laser lights, disco balls and chandeliers usually fall in this classification. Proper planning and arrangement of the location and style of effect lighting fixtures will ensure a good design outcome when utilized. Having too many effect lightings in the same room or area will look very messy and chaotic – like all things, moderation is very important especially in these kinds of lightings.