Are you in the market for new tiles or looking to replace your old tile floorings? But before doing so, let’s have a look at some of the most common and widely used tile flooring material in the market today. Tiles come in a wide selection of materials, style and color. Each material is made from different raw substance that have both pros and cons. Knowing the best material for your needs and budget is crucial as this will save you both the time and resources before going over your project.
This type of tile material is made from natural minerals and clay that has undergone numerous cooling and heating process. Ceramic tiles are best used in areas where extensive waterproofing is required. These materials are widely used in indoor floor tiles and countertops. High-gloss ceramic tiles are very good to look at but tends to easily scratch over time.
For outdoor flooring with possibility of water contact, unglazed ceramic finish is the best alternative. Other common ceramic finishes include matte, glazed, textured and embossed. There are also certain types of ceramic tiles that have porcelain color atop its body, these are very effective in hiding scratches and minute damages that can happen over time. One of its disadvantages is that ceramic grout lines are very difficult to clean and may easily chip with minimal force.
A form of limestone that is purely found around hot springs, travertine offers a natural earthly look with both light and dark hues. During its formation, different patterns, texture and character are combined; this gives it a one-of-a-kind design that would not be repeated naturally. It has less density than granite and marble making it much easier to transport and work with. This material can easily be stained and scratch-prone making it less ideal in high-traffic flooring and in the kitchen area.
This floor tile is not a made from a specific material like the others here on this list but rather it mimics the look of wooden tiles. Made from either porcelain or ceramic, this special type of tile is quite similar in appearance to natural wooden boards, minus the complexity of cleaning and maintenance. It also offers more durability and endurance as compared to wooden tiles. If you want to have a more natural wooden look in your floor but also provides easy cleaning and maintenance, you can opt for this kind of floor tiles.
Like ceramic, porcelain tiles are made from natural refined clay in which heat is applied to produce a dense tile material. Although much difficult to work with as compared to ceramic tiles, porcelain tiles offer greater durability, improved stain resistance and more effective waterproofing ability. With these properties, porcelain tiles are ideal to be used in both indoor and outdoor setting without any problems.
Slate tile is special type of metamorphic rock that is fined grain to be able to be use as a flooring material. It is extremely dense making it much difficult to work with as compared to other materials but also very durable. In contrast to lightly-colored limestones, slates are commonly dark-colored. Due to its durability, it is an excellent choice for kitchen and high-traffic flooring areas. This material comes in a wide variety of colors such as navy, sage, copper and black. There are also naturally textured slate tiles that is ideal for outdoor settings.
Another naturally occurring earth material on this list, marble is very popular choice in classical-styled homes. Marble tiles are extremely durable and available in almost any color possible due to its variability. Some of the most popular marble finishes are polished, honed, tumbled and brushed. One of its unique and distinct feature is its rich veining that can easily compliment any room design. Because of its porous nature, marble is not recommended to be used in areas with high water presence such as kitchen and bathroom areas.
A naturally developing type of igneous rock that comes from cooling lava, granite is a very dense, hard and durable flooring material. Like marble, it has unique veining patterns and minerals specks that adds luster to the material. Once polished, granite is almost impermeable and can easily resist scratches and grazes. This type of flooring material is best used in kitchen and living room areas where water contact and high traffic is highly possible.